Legal Trivia Quiz #54

Law students (and often lawyers) are often puzzled by the many initials used to describe judge’s and other legal professionals. This month’s quiz tests readers knowledge of some of the initials that are used in common law courts around the world.

1. NPJ is used in Hong Kong to mean:

A. Non-partisan Judge

B. Non Permanent Judge

C. Non Practising Judge

2. DHCJ in Hong Kong means what:

A. Deputy High Court Judge

B. District Higher Court Judge

C. Duty High Court Judge

3. In England, the initials MR after a judge’s name indicate he or she is:

A. Master Recorder

B. Middlesex Recorder

C. Master of the Rolls

D. Madam Recorder

4. The initials used to indicate the Lord Chief Justice of Engand and Wales are:





5. In Hong Kong, what initial(s) is/are used for the President of the Court of Appeal?

A. P



D. None

6. In Sri Lanka, what to the initials PC mean?

A. Privy Councillor

B. President’s Councillor

C. President’s Counsel

D. Presiding Commissioner

7. In England, the initial C is used to indicate which position?

A. Counsel

B. Commissioner

C. Councillor

D. Chancellor

8. Historically, in England the initials LCB were use for which judicial position?

A. Chief Baron of the Exchequer

B. Lord Chief Baron of the High Court

C. Loyal Chief Barrister

D. Lord Chancellor in Bankruptcy

9. Prior to WWII, in the Hong Kong Full Court, the initials PJ were used to indicate which position?

A. Permanent Judge

B. Presiding Judge

C. Practising Judge

D. Property Judge

10. The initials SL historically were used for which legal position?

A. Senior Leader

B. Serjeant at Law

C. Senior Lord

D. Solicitor at Law

Contest Rules:

To be eligible to win a bottle of Ch. Roquettes 2010 (Grand Cru) or Ch. Tour Baladoz 2006 (Grand Cru) from Global Vintage Wines Centre, please send your quiz question answers to The first reader to respond with the most correct answers, with no more than 3 incorrect responses, will be deemed the winner. The decision of Thomson Reuters regarding the winner is final and conclusive.

AnswerstoLegalTrivia Quiz#53

1. B. It is the golden thread of English Criminal Law that the prosecution must prove guilt. Woolmington v DPP [1935] UKHL 1

2. B. Gladestone thought 10 guilty should escape rather than one innocent suffer.

3. B. Ecstasy is, it seems, favoured by young people given to corybantic (gyrating dance moves) activities. HKSAR v Seabrook (1999) 2 HKCFAR 184

4. A. A person seeking equitable remedies must come with clean hands.

5. D. The average reasonable person was referred to as the man on the Clapham omnibus.

6. C. In Hong Kong, the man on the Clapham Omnibus has been called the man on the Shaukiwan Tram. Peregrine Investments Holdings Ltd v The Associated Press [1997] HKLRD 1073 per Stone J.

7. B. The Chinese constitution has a preamble that recognises China’s history, culture, grandure and revolutionary tradition.

8 C. Under one country, two systems the socialist system and policies will not be practised in Hong Kong.

9. C. The necessity for a well regulated Militia is the reason why Americans have the right to bear arms.

10. B. A member state may decide to withdraw from the EU in accordance with its constitutional requirements.

Due to a recent technical glitch, emailed answers to the January 2019 quiz were deleted. We apologise for the inconvenience, and hope you will continue taking part in future quizzes.



Mr. Clark is a barrister (and former solicitor) practising in Hong Kong. His practice focuses primarily on intellectual property and related areas.  From September 2016, he has been appointed an Adjunct Professor of Law at the University of Hong Kong to teach the IP LLM course. Mr. Clark is General Editor and a co-author ofIntellectual Property Rights: Hong Kong SAR and the People’s Republic of China and author of Patent Litigation in China. He has also published a history of British and American extraterritoriality in China, Gunboat Justice